Wednesday, November 9, 2016

Who Is Next President Of USA

Is USA ready to elect a woman President? if yes, then Hillary Clinton has chance. But still situation is Not ripe for making a women president. No doubt a huge Progess has been made on this front. UN SG election is a good example to prove this point. Women candidates for SG of UN are under consideration but not fit for figuring name in final result list.
Trump doing non traditional politics-for change. America vote for Chage. Non traditional politics of Trump is a change. He is trying to sell that he stands for change. So,Trump may win but fight is close not easy.
So my prediction on above simple reasoning Trump will come out with flying colors. What is your opinion?

TATA management Crisis Is An Opportunity For RATAN TATA

I have a very high regard for TATA Sons and TATA Tusts. TATA lives for values. It is difficult for anyone to carry all along values as it requres hard sacrifices. Upholding values for 148 years is a hard task to achieve. Public have indeapth faith and Trust in TATA. This is the core strength of the Tata. TATA is unparallel brand of private sector worldwide. We all Indians are proud of TATA brand. Any damage in anyway to TATA is not the damage of TATA rather it is loss of the couuntry as it is Indian brand about which we boast of and proud of. 

Recent and ongoing crisis is a test for TATA and TATA management. Every Crisis is an OPPORTUNITY. I request Sri Ratan Tata Ji please take whole thing in this light. Taking this crisis as an opportunity will bring you a  bright results which you have never imagined. There is another reason to support this point. TATA has earned a huge good will of massess all along its 148 years of life by its good deeds done. Like many, my good wishes are with you Sri RATAN TATA JI. This crisis has brought you an opportunity to come out with flying colours sooner than later. 
Good wish And Good Luck
Heera Lal

Tata Sons Governance - Chairman Mistry' Ugly Ousting- Why?

         Fanfare Entry And Ugly Ouster Of Commander-in-Chief of Tata Sons                       

               Tata  Sons is symbol of glorifed Indian Private organisation with a 148 years history. Last year, its tunover was in excess of  $100 billion. It has operations in more than 100 countries. It provides job to more than half million. Tata Sons has 66% shares of different tata truts. Cyrus' father Pallonji Mistry has a shares of 18.5 % in it. Rest 15.5 % shares is of different companies.
Cyrus P Mistry took charge of TATA group on December 28, 2012. There are huge excitements and speculations inside and outside the organization. Profit maximization is the motto of a business organization. But it is not applicable to TATA. This makes it different and international brand? A perusal of Tata’s statement endorsed this difference.  
Jamsetji N. Tata (Founder, Tata Group, 1868) said “In a free enterprise, the community is not just another stakeholder in business, but is in fact the very purpose of its existence.”  J. R. D. Tata stated “The Tata philosophy of management has always been and is today more than ever, that corporate enterprises must be managed not merely in the interests of their owners, but equally in those of their employees, of the customers of their products, of the local community and finally of the country as a whole.” 
 In 2005, Ratan Tata, dreamed One hundred years from now, I expect the Tatas to be much bigger than it is now. More importantly, I hope the Group comes to be regarded as being the best in India — best in the manner in which we operate, best in the products we deliver and best in our value systems and ethics. Having said that, I hope that a hundred years from now we will spread our wings far beyond India…” 
Now, search is on Why is Cyrus ousted? There are many speculations and stories around in different media. Then search committee was so impressed with the ideas of Cyrus that they offered the job. During the deliberations to the committee, he had detailed what the structure of the group should look like; he had proposed many new propositions with innovative touch.
Impressed search committee offered Cyrus job of Chairman. But, once he was in the chair, it was a different story. Not only did he not follow through, he went in the other direction. So, First main reason of his ugly ouster is " He failed on Walk to his own Talk- which he put before search committee."
The Second main reason is, he failed to learn governance of Tata. Though Tata is a private commercial identity, but its moto is a mix one- not sole profit making. It carries its social values, culture and ethic all along even at the cost of loss in its 148 years history. Here, Tata Sons is different than other big Indian commercial organisations. And these characters are in the administrative blood and body of TATA and its Brand.                     
 Governance of Tata sons is a judicious mix of both Public and Private styles. Tata is brand because of some of its characteristics and style of public governance in spite of being a purely commercial organisation in look.  No money making at the cost of its values, culture and ethic erosion what is its brand.
 This well cherished governance character of Tata can't be changed over a short period which Cyrus Tried and failed- hence, he is  no more on chair. He ran the administration solely on commercial lines of profit making and ignoring brand characteristics of Tata Sons- Values, Ethic, Culture. As a result, he could not kept and carried all along in his so called team. Finally he left alone and thrown out. 
Governance is a big issue before both public and private managers and actors. Public governance issue has been always in light. Public do not repeat our public repereseatatives if they failed in their promised governance. For the first time, a private sector followed same footsteps by throughing its chairman Cyrus Mistry by a majority decision of the board of Tata Sons. 

Heera Lal ( Views are persoanal based on different sources)


Sunday, October 23, 2016

Goa BRICS Provided India - A Forum To Corner Terror

BRICS (B-R-I-C-S) Is Brazil, Russia, India, China, And South Africa
            BRICS stands for an association of five developing and rising economies which includes Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa. Jim O'Neill, the then chairman of Goldman Sachs  Asset Management coined this term BRIC in 2001 in his publication Building Better Global Economic. Initially, South Africa was not associated with it. It joined in 2010 and  BRIC became BRICS as it is formed by the first letters of the member nations in a given sequence.                                                                                                                                               In September, 2006 the foreign ministers of Brazil, Russia, India and China (BRIC) met in New York City. In series meetings, they prepared the required background, modalities, and terms of references to associate.  The first full scale diplomatic meeting held in Yekaterinburg, Russia on June 16, 2009.  Thereafter, BRICS nations are meeting annually at formal summits.  Russia hosted 7th Summit in July 2015. The 8th is in Goa, India.
             BRIC ,the four member club reached consensus on improving the global economic situation and reforming financial institutions as its goal in 2009. They also announced the need for a new global reserve currency. Started with economic mutual interest, the agenda widened manyfold with passage of time.
            Since 2009, BRICS evolved gradually in its successive meetings, held annually in rotation among member nations. Summits held: Brasillia, 2010; Sanya, 2011; New Delhi, 2012; Durban, 2013; Fortaleza, 2014. Consensus evolved on issues can be grouped into two main pillars. One, coordination in multilateral fora with a focus on economic and political governance. Two, cooperation among members.
            In first pillar, the efforts  are being made to reform the global governance institutions- in economic and financial fields. These includes financial G-20, IMF, World Bank along with others. Efforts are on to reform political institutions such as the United Nations.
            In second pillar intra-BRICS mutual cooperation is gaining strong ground. Agenda points have broadened since its inception. Areas of enhanced cooperation comprise finance, agriculture, economy and trade, combating crime and terrorism, science and technology, health, education, corporate and academic exchanges and security are few among many.
            The financial field receives focus as a new front of cooperation. In  the 6th summit in 2014  BRICS singed two financial instruments into a treaty and it became active in 2015. One is creation of New Development Bank (NDB). Two is Contingent Reserve Arrangement (CRA). NDB and CRA signalled a good message about willingness of consolidation and partnership in the economic-financial sector among members.
            The NDB is a multilateral development bank. It is operated by the BRICS states. It aims at financing infrastructure and sustainable development projects in member nations and other developing countries. Initially it would start  with a subscribed capital of 50 billion US dollar- 10 dollar contribution by each member.         
             BRICS CRA is an arrangement for giving protection against global liquidity pressure. It is a fund of 100 billion US dollar. BRICS states will use to sustain short-term liquidity pressure. CRA aims at to contribute to international financial stability, by providing an additional line of defence to the BRICS.  CRA is perceived as a competitor to IMF and NDB is viewed as South-South cooperation.
            India hosted the 8th BRICS Summit in its chairmanship on 15-16 October2016 in Goa. The theme is ''Building Responsive, Inclusive and Collective Solutions." The  9th Summit is proposed in China.
            Five-pronged approach of Goa summit is: Institution building to further deepen, sustain and institutionalise BRICS cooperation;   Implementation of the decisions from previous Summits; Integrating the existing cooperation mechanisms;  Innovation, i.e., new cooperation mechanisms; and  Continuity, i.e., continuation of mutually agreed existing BRICS cooperation mechanisms.
            In short, approach can be captured by ‘IIIIC or I4C’. The focus is on enhanced people-to-people (P2P) contacts of BRICS member states, especially youth. In this context, India has planned activities like U-17 Football Tournament, Youth Summit, Young Diplomats’ Forum, Film Festival etc.
            How was this summit crucial for India? How did it provided additional advantages to tackle spontaneous increase in tension with Pak?  Recent attack in Uri by Pakistan and thereafter surgical strike by India on terror launching pads in Pakistan intensified tensions between Pak and India. India is making an all out effort to isolate Pakistan diplomatically from getting any support on terror issue from any country. India is trying to highlight Pak as terrorist generating country.
            Russia is an old friend of India. India improved its relations with USA. USA and Pak relation appears going down. Relation between China and Russia looks better than before. There appears a new equation of China-Russia-Pak in south asia. To balance and tackle this new formation, India signed a bilateral trade agreement with Russia amounting 39000 Crore across multiple sectors.  PM Modi convinced China for a combined effort to fight against terror, promoted and abetted by our neighbour.
            India got first success when SARRC meeting to be held in Pakistan was cancelled. This sent a bad signal about Pakistan. This cancellation approved the action of India which it did in self-defence in the form of surgical strike. PM Modi said terrorism casts a long shadow on our development and economic prosperity. Its reach in now global. Hence, we need to fight it together with conviction. Now, it is not a matter of India only. It is now global issue.
            What are outcomes from Goa BRICS summit? India mustered support on terror issue including the China. Albeit no mention of Pakistan and which is not required too. India-Russia reenergized  and revived their old friendship. This is need of our to bring power equation in our favor in south Asia. Talks to speed up work on setting up of BRICS institutions is a welcome move. India's NSG bid gets acknowledged in the name of clean energy.
            India got chance to start forming a new bridge with Bimstec. It is a block comprising seven countries. It includes India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Myanmar. Mostly seek greater ties with China. For India, these are important for strategic and economic reasons due to their geographic locations. Goa summit helped India to strengthen its relationship with Bimstec nations.   
            Goa summit provided India an opportunity to tackle and muster support on surgical strike issue. India used this forum strategically to prove that it is going to play a bigger role worldwide. This summit helped India in its mission to improve its presence, effectiveness and visibility on world map. India availed this opportunity to bring South Asian power equations in its favor.
Heera Lal (Views are personal and based on different sources)


Thursday, October 13, 2016

War Is Never An Option. Peace, Forgive Is Our Tool To Rule.

Yes, war is not an option. There are many ways and options to tackle a problem. In, among many solutions, war is one and should be last in the list. PM Modi's strategies and steps are upto the mark. And it deserves appreciation and praise.
First, he tried to expose the terror activites of the Pak to isolate it from world connections. It was a great success. A planned efforts disconnected Pak to get any help and sympathy from its own friends worldwide. SAARC submit in Pakistan is bycotted by many member countries. It is a big blow and a defeat to Pak and a diplomatic success for India.
Second, he tried to cornor Pak in Pakistan itself by mentioning Bloch humen rights issue. This issue got required energy to grow and florish worldwide. Now Bloch are protesting continuously against Pak at different forums. Their protest is a great help for themselves and India in the light of recent terror attack in Uri Army base camp on 18th September,2016.
Third, he gave signal to withdraw conncession given through most favored nation status. This will create economic problem if implemented. As a result, public- getting benefits of it- will go against the government. Public opinion matters for the govrnment.
Foruth, Indus water trety is anothter issue under consideration to put huge pressure on Pak. Surgical operation on 28th midnight of Sep 2016 is not to hit the Pakistan. But, it is to prevent infilration of terrorist into Indian border. India did it in self defence. So, it is a well calcuted and judicious act called for.
Avoding war like situation is must for India. Our political bossess understand this. Thats why they are taking the most minimum steps required to protect the interest of India and Pak people. And to facify and cool down anger of massess after Uri attach. Pak people are not our enemy, but they are our brothers. Millitary system and rurals of Pak are resposible for the current ugly situation. Successful surgical strike without any loss by Indian army proves its capability and courage to face any evetuallity to protect our nation. They deserve all types of Kudos.
India as an upper hand in all respects have to take care of all things into consideration to prove itself elder brother of Pak. Surgical operation is right step in right direction to teach lessions to Pak army and government officials but not the pak people. This sentiment is convey by PM Naredra Modi in in his Kerala Speech at party meeting recetly after Uri attach. He wished a war with Pak in reducing povery, illiteracy etc. to improve the living and economic conditions of Pak People.

Surgical strike is not new. In past, India did. But this time, it is told to massess to bring anger of public down which went up due to Uri Killings. It is a clear signal to other nations that India is not soft now on terror issue. This gave a hard indications to terrorist outfits worldwide. In the light of above facts,the overall aim of India is to contain terror activites for world peace.

Saturday, September 24, 2016

Startups In Nation Building

                                    Startups In Nation Building
          Startup word is in limelight nowadays.  It is on the tips of talented, risk taking, underemployed and unsatisfied Indian youth. Why did it gain sudden attention of public? Why had it not been taken seriously before? What are factors which forced Government of India (GoI) to launch a program on it? These questions need answers to understand and evaluate if startups are to see the light of the day.
           First, we need to understand what it is all about. It is not defined exactly or accurately. It varies according to its use and situation. Some simple definitions to understand its basics are:
          Online business dictionary defines it as an early stage in the life cycle of an enterprise where the entrepreneurs move from the idea stage to securing financing, laying down the basic structures of the business and initiating operations or trading.
          The GoI has its own definition for startup to facilitate and promote it.  As per GoI, startup means an entity, incorporated or registered in India not prior to five years, with an annual turnover not exceeding INR 25 crore in any preceding financial year, working towards innovation, development, deployment or commercialization of new products, processes or services driven by technology or intellectual property.
          Conditions imposed on startup are: one, that such entity is not formed by splitting up, or reconstruction, of a business already in existence; two, an entity shall cease to be a startup if its turnover for the previous financial years has exceeded INR 25 crore or it has completed 5 years from the date of incorporation/registration; three, a startup shall be eligible for tax benefits only after it has obtained certification from the Inter- Ministerial Board, setup for such purpose.
          An entrepreneurial explosion is seen in India in startups in the technological space. This leaped from 501 to 4500 in the last five year. Nasscom estimates funding for startups jumped to $4.9 billion in 2015, compared to cumulative funding for the four preceding years being $ 3.2 billion. 72% of founders are below age of 35 years. This achievement has marked India as the youngest startup nation in the world.
          India ranks third after America and UK in establishing startups. It is the situation when ease of doing business in India is a difficult task even for giant houses like Tata, Reliance etc. This proves that Indian youth have mustered courage to venture into the risk of startup, giving tough competition to developed countries.
          Talented, adventurous, and energetic Indian youth proved their might by establishing some successful startups in highly odd conditions. Zamato, Flipkart, InMobi, Paytm are a few examples to establish this point.
          New government came to power on the promise of bringing " Achche Din" for all and sundry. Tech savvy unsatisfied youth are noise creator- in online media. Not getting proper opportunity, according to their calibre made them disappointed.  In order to check this growing glooming situation and matching demanding situation for startup, forced GoI to come up with a meticulous program to accelerate, facilitate and promote startups.
          PM Modi announced the startup India campaign in his Independence Day speech last year to accelerate the pace of creating jobs. He launched startup India program in a high profile event on January 16, 2016 at Vigyan Bhawan in New Delhi. It was attended by hundreds of investors, entrepreneurs, which included founders of Uber, Travis Kalanick, SoftBank CEO Masayoshi Son and   many others.
          Top policy makers from various ministries including nine secretaries graced the occasion.  Eleven babus charmed young businessmen and pledged action.  In general, babus are blamed for go-slow and corruption. But highly positive attitude of civil servants,  present made this event a historic one.
          Program is well designed and intended. It has three heads with well defined sub clauses: one, simplification and handholding; two, funding support and intensive; three, industry-academecia partnership and incubation. India will get first rank leaving behind America and UK sooner than later if stipulated action plans are implemented - as designed and intended. 
          Startup will provide cheap, affordable and accessible solutions for our public problems to the masses. The youth will become employment creators rather than job seekers.  It will create employment for youth  of their liking. It will enhance entrepreneurship skills and competition among young adventurers. One prediction says that in coming ten years one lakh new startups will come into life and they will generate about 35 lakhs employments. 
          This startup program will build a strong eco-system for nurturing innovation. Consequently, it will drive sustainable economic growth and generate large scale employment opportunities for youth of their choice. It will help in improving the ranking of India in ease of doing business.
          It is a long awaited program. GoI implemented it to harness and shapeup the atomic like energy of our youth in nation building. Moreover, it is a step to channelize , direct, and transform  youth energy in the process of nation making.  This will galvanise youthfulness of India worldwide.
          This program will assist our youth via different modes in many ways. As a result, their confidence would increase in our democratic system- particularly in our administrative setup. Facts, figures of event, detailed, pinpointed, target- oriented action points indicate towards success. And finally, this program would succeed and become a reality sooner as it is a highly demanded social product by our adventurous youth.
          India in now in the process of creating conducive atmosphere for upcoming of startups. Energetic, innovative, and risk taking youth, now have an opportunity and Lab in the form of startup ecosystem to convert their dream and fire in belly into a relaity. It is a win-win situation for all  stakeholders.
           Most of the startups are venturing to provide solution for social problems. This way Startups are supplementing the efforts of  government at different levels. Certainly, it will enhance the governance of India. If departments promote the startup, it will be a great help to department in achieving their aims efficiently.

Heera Lal ( Research Scholar, views are personal and based on different references)


Thursday, July 14, 2016

Why A Woman As Next SG Of UN ?

          The United Nations (UN) is in the process of identifying its ninth Secretary General(SG). This time it is difficult, challenging and involving a huge stake due to two main reasons among others.  Hence, it is quite interesting and attention seeking.
          The first, many NGOs, civil society organisations and group of elders are demanding openness and transparency in the selection process. They have launched awareness campaigns  well in advance and have build-up required pressure on the team engaged in selection. In previous selections,  a closed door approach was followed which was opaque.
          The second, a resolution (51/241) was  endorsed by General Assembly (GA) on 22 August 1997. This has mentioned three criteria for the candidate to be SG- best candidature, regional rotation and gender equality. It is difficult to match all three in an opaque selection process.
          The Security Council (SC) intends to start on  the 21st of July the process of  consideration of candidates  for the SG position. The UN charter signed in 1945 is its foundation.  Article 97 says SG is to be appointed  by the GA on recommendation of the SC.  No detail procedure for selection process has been laid down.
          The UN has became 70 years old.  Eight persons  have served as its SG.  The SG is the head of UN secretariat and acts as the de facto spokesperson and leader. Roles and responsibilities of SG are laid out in chapter 15 in article 97 to 101 of  the UN charter.
          The SG position requires the highest standards which includes efficiency, competency and integrity. It also needs a strong commitment to the purpose and principles of the UN charter. Furthermore, SG must possess proven leadership and managerial abilities, vast experience in international relations, and strong diplomatic, communication and multilingual abilities and capabilities.
           A single name was usually agreed upon by SC and sent to GA for its approval.  The GA did not reject any so far. Any permanent member can veto a nomination. So, SG is a compromise candidate. This indicates the selection process is in control of the permanent members. Gradually, a custom is developed that SG would not be from permanent members.
          Resolution 51/241 of 1997 states that " In the course of the identification and appointment of the best candidate for the post of  SG, due regards shall continue to be given to regional  rotation and shall also be  given to gender equality."
          Now, we have to focus our attention on three  qualities of the candidate: One, the best candidate worldwide; two, gender equality; three, regional rotation. It is difficult to get a perfect match on all three set of criteria. So, we have to prioritise it. There could not be any compromise on selecting the 'Best' candidate. The gender equality shall be the second top most priority as so far no female became SG. Then, the third one is the regional rotation.
          Accountability, Coherence and Transparency (ACT) group and Civil Society groups are making efforts for improving the transparency and openness  of the selection process.  In 2015,  these  groups created awareness on this issue. Selection process started earlier due to active efforts of  25 ACT members and civil society groups including 1 for 7 Billion, an alliance of NGOs, and the Elders, a group of global leaders working to promote peace and human rights. They also have provided appropriate suggestions to improve transparency and openness in selecting SG.
          Ongoing selection process is changed somewhat unlike the past one. An active campaign for change in process to make it more transparent and open, unlike the secretive one in the past, has mounted a big global pressure. Prestige and credibility of selection is at stake. The change in process is good for all stakeholders and it is a win-win situation for all.
          1 for 7 Billion global campaign is aiming at to get the best UNSG. UNSG tasks with  tackling global challenges and improving the lives of seven billion. But identifying process is secretive and outdated. Just five counties holds sway over a decision which affects us all. More than 750 organisations  have joined the campaign with a reach of more 170 million people worldwide.  Many eminent personalities are part of this.
          1 for 7 Billion campaign demands "An open, transparent and merit-based selection process offers the best chance to find the best SG. We need a process that sets out formal selection criteria and qualifications, meets modern practices and exemplifies the ideals of UN. We need a process that meets the higher standards of  transparency and accountability that UN Member States and civil society have been demanding for years."  
          This campaign has gained momentum world-wide.  It has brought fruitful results. The Presidents of the GA and the SC forwarded an unprecedented letter to all Member States on December 15, 2015 soliciting candidates and stressing that selection will be guided by principal of transparency and inclusivity. There are many more steps taken by select team to meet demand. But many more are left untouched and mostly are partially met. The campaign is on. The best part is a start is made with a positive note in right direction to avoid any dent on UN prestige.
          Resolution 51/241 of 1997 compel us to consider gender quality. By now,  we ignored it in selection of our past eight SGs. Are we still  going to repeat it in our ongoing selection for 9th? Repetition looks impossible. It is possible on one condition that we prove that we are not getting the best woman candidate. This is again impossible.
          There is no dearth of the best  women candidates. We have the best candidates in both men and women for the job. Now, we have to decide who would be next SG- a Man or a Woman.  Resolution 51/241 clearly points towards a Woman as we have not given chance to any woman.
          Like-minded women have joined hands in February 2015 to run a campaign to see next SG as a woman to replace Mr Moon at the end of 2016.  This group says women represents half of the world's population. The UN never gave a chance to a woman. The group includes women from academia and civil society with a long record of engagement with the UN. The punch line of the campaign " we have had 8 male SGs and our 9th should be a woman."
          The campaign puts forward reasons that  eight SGs so far have represented multiple regions of the world, but no woman has yet held this top position. Women make up half of  the world's population and it is the time that a woman is to be represented as SG.
          The preamble of UN charter states " People of the UN" to uphold the " equal rights of men and women"; Article One repeats by linking "international cooperation" with "respect for human rights and for the fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language or religion. Based on this, campaign is demanding to honor these words that the founders so carefully drafted in their vision for a peaceful world.

          The SC resolution 1325(2000) requests member states to include women at all level in national, regional, international bodies. The UN secretariat has 7 women out of 44 SRSGs. This proves that women are underrepresented. In past women hold many top-level positions worldwide and proved equally competent as men.
          Based on above facts and figures, we have to choose the best candidate in a transparent manner. From the transparent selection procedure point of view, an acceptable progress has been made. This is a good sign and start. Regional rotation is followed to some extent but gender equality is still untouched. Plainly, it is giving a wrong impression.
          To act in letter and spirit and to save the prestige of UN, there is no option for choosing a man as 9th SG. Women campaign is already have generated much awareness for their due turn and selection. If  we ignore their legitimate demand, this will be a dent on UN body and confidence of half population in UN will come down. As a result, this will weaken UN.  Therefore, we are legally and morally bound to choose a woman SG in present circumstances to avoid any compromise on UN reputation.  

Heera Lal ( Views are personal and based on different sources) AND OUR 9TH SHOULD BE A WOMAN