Thursday, July 19, 2012

Concept Note for Achieving Good Governance

            Concept Note for Achieving Good Governance     
               EDR vs HDR  --- EDI vs HDI
An innovative step may be taken-up by GoUP to achieve Good Governance (GG) by Employee Development Report (EDR) based on Human  Development Report (HDR). This pattern is a Corollary based on UNDP’s HDR and HDI respectively.
Annual Human Development Reports (HDR) by United Nations Development Program (UNDP) based on Human Development Index (HDI) was launched by Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq in 1990. It had explicit purpose “ to shift the focus of development economics from national income accounting to people centered policies.”
Haq was sure that a simple composite measure of human development was needed in order to convince the public, academics and policy-makers that they can and should evaluate development not only by economic advances but also improvements in human well-being.
Noble laureates Amartya Sen’s work on capabilities and functioning provided the underline conceptual framework.  Sen initially opposed Haq’s idea, but he went on to help Haq develop the index. Sen was worried that it was difficult to capture the full  complexity  of human capabilities in a single index but Haq persuaded him that only a single number would shift the attention of policy-makers from concentration on economic  to human well beings.
The first HDR introduced a new way of measuring development by combing indicators of life expectancy, educational attainment and income into a composite HDI. Its importance was the creation of a single statistic which was to serve as s frame of references for both social and economical developments. The HDI sets a minimum and a maximum for each dimension, called goalposts, and then shows where each country stands in relation to these goalposts, expressed  as a value between 0 and 1. HDI is a comparative measure of life expectancy, literacy, education, standard of living and quality of life for countries worldwide.
 Team is always there. Leaders (not only politicians but leadership quality) generate team spirit in them. This team spirit converts efforts into public goods. Well knitted system is there but team spirit is not. This step is able to develop required team spirit in system to enhance its performance.
We must develop EDR based on HDR & EDI based on HDI. EDI will have three indicators.
1.   Service matters:
a)   EPF/GPF and its passbook.
b)  Medical Leave account
c)   Earned Leave account
d)  Annual Confidential  Report
e)   Service book
f)    Personal file.
g)   Pending applications of service matters
2.   Structured time promotions:
a)   Scale wise-ACP
b)  Postwise
3.   a) Training: a training road map for whole carrier and its implementation.
b) Required statutory changes to manage the cadre.

c)   HR planning: Preparation of a road map for sustainable, energetic, and productive human recourse of each cadre to carry forward the mandate and mission of the department and governments.

Frame work for action.
It must be first agenda point of monitoring of CM/CS in all development meetings. CS must appoint one of his staff officer as Nodal to manage this portfolio.
Examinee and examiner must be different for impartial evaluation. We need to hire a company to get report of each department. This will be completely under CS to give impartial report and will work under the appointed Nodal officer / staff officer to ensure its impartiality.  
Each department has many cadres. First identify and list cadres. After listing, start completing and implementing as per the existing rules and regulations. To prepare road map enact, amend rules as required. Each department must appoint a nodal officer not below the rank of special secretary who will co-ordinate with Nodal officer in CS office and his departments.
Prepare a job chart what is needed to be done as per exiting rules and regulations. First complete this to send a strong signal in employees that Government is ready to energize you. And in turn you need to energies the public whom serving as duties by your delivery.
1.   Employees
2.   Public
3.   CM and Government
4.   CS
5.   Employee Associations of each cadre.
This innovative step will be a win-win situation for all stakeholders.
Employee: Each employee is a leader in its domain- here leader refers for his leadership quality. They are not delivering as expected. Among many reasons, one important reason is bad service conditions have deenergized/demotivated them.  They are converted into pessimistic elements in government machinery. Meaning is that parts of government machinery are not oiled. They are not update to accommodate the fast changing situations in their working. Implementing a  time bound service improvement conditions of about 16 lakh employees will keep them always energized, motivated and in ready-to-deliver zone.
Public: Public is running pillar to post for their works. Employees are not delivering the government services employed for. Motivated workers will deliver and system efficiency will improve. Therefore, public will get benefit and their hardships will reduce. It will save their time, money and energy.
CM and Government (Political economy): Present government has got mandate to provide good governance. Our young CM inculcated a hope in public for good governance- fed-up with bad governance. If it will be done, it will be an accomplishment of a mandate free of cost only by monitoring. Motivated workers will deliver and public’s good governance expectations will be fulfilled. This will strengthen the public faith in our CM and government. Certainly this will be a good political product for government to sell in coming elections. Above all, service matters are emotional in nature. It will hit the emotional cord of employee and its family. This will develop a long lasting bond with government and CM in particular which will be a great asset for a political party and politicians.
CS: Our CS is a renowned person and commanding high esteem of public. Employees are hopeful that they have got the right doctor to cure their chronic service illnesses. There is a big challenge before our CS, being head of bureaucracy, how to deliver. Public is also having big hope with CS to get good governance. This step will help him in overcoming this challenge. Since this step is for the first time from a CS level, certainly it will be a new feather in the cap of our CS. Moreover, this is an emotional issue, so a small removal of service problem will attach all 16 lakh employee with CS emotionally. It will be a great and life achievement for him.
Employee Associations: Time to time they agitate, sometimes violently, over service matters of their respective cadres. This step will satisfy them and they will provide their conducive support to the government.
To start with it can be experimented with a few selected departments.
It can be in Two Phases:
1.   Ensuring implementation under existing rules and regulation and Mapping of what need to be done in each head- One year
2.    Stabilizating  this issue as  routine work to avoid adhochism in HR management.

Tuesday, July 17, 2012

Corruption: India and China

 Corruption: What is it? There is no question that corruption is, before anything else, a type of crime, thus making it and other types of crime highly correlated. Generally corruption has been defined by the UNCAC as an “abuse of public property and authority for personal gain.” In most cases it is an underhanded deal between a bribe taker, a giver and the middlemen.
Angered by crony capitalism in India and the power of the top 1% in the West, some analysts favour the so-called Beijing Consensus, or China's model. Sorry, but China has as much cronyism as other countries. 
Occupy Wall Street is a leaderless resistance movement with people of many colors, genders and political persuasions. The one thing we all have in common is that We Are The 99% that will no longer tolerate the greed and corruption of the 1%. We are using the revolutionary Arab Spring tactic to achieve our ends and encourage the use of nonviolence to maximize the safety of all participants.

A recent study in Financial Times shows that relatives galore of Chinese politicians have become millionaires. The "princelings", as children of top Chinese politicians are called, have riches that dwarf comparable Indian princelings. 
Princelings are no longer content with fat consultancy fees. "The big families want to get into private equity or do business themselves, because that's where the real money is." 

When Deng Xiaoping launched China's pro-business reforms, he declared "to get rich is glorious." He meant productive businesses should be gloriously rich. But his party colleagues have found the ultimate glory in family enrichment. In the 1990, when the Chinese private sector skyrocketed, some top politicians tried to rein in their princelings. "But now there is almost no restraint," says a top official. 

Indian politicians during the independence movement aimed for ideals, not money. But once in office, their relatives became influence peddlers. Today, people enter politics mainly to make money. The emergence of political dynasties should surprise nobody: they are business dynasties by another name.

In India too, the sons and relatives of politicians often boast foreign degrees, and claim to have high technocratic skills. Here too, corporations want to hire these relatives to gain political access and influence. But we have fewer cases of princelings becoming big businessmen.

The mere fact that China has corrupt princelings does not make India less corrupt. It is no excuse for slackening our own anti-corruption efforts. Yet i suspect that most readers will, like me, grin at the expose of the princelings. The Germans call it schadenfreude-finding pleasure in the travails of others. It's mortifying to be beaten by China in one field after another, but we can enjoy China's victory over us in corrupt princelings.

Heera Lal ( Writer is Secretatry UPNEDA but views are personal)


Wednesday, July 11, 2012

Renewable Energy The Golden Thread

Energy is the golden thread that connects economic growth, increased social equity, and an environment which powers the world to thrive. Widespread energy poverty condemns billions to darkness, to ill health, and to missed opportunity for education and prosperity.  Hence this poverty must end.
Development is not possible without energy. And it is sustainable energy which will provide us sustainable development.  At Rio de Janerio summit held in June 2012, the buzzwords were “Green Economy” and “Natural Capital Accounting”. In a dynamic climate change field, concepts are changing fast. From development to sustainable development and now our focus is Green Economy.
Yet these buzzes are not clearly defined. But they are in motion to get an acceptable shape. India opposes green economy at summit. It said that the developing world’s concept of a green economy was very different from the way it was being perceived at the UN conference for sustainable development.
A new business model is emerging. In this governments, business, investors and civil society organization (CSO) come together to solve problems. Now, we need to build a new energy future that harnesses the power of technology and innovations in the service of people and the planet.  We have to move to renewable, so that we can create a future we want.
UN has initiated and evolved a framework for action to realize the goal “sustainable energy for all by 2030”.  According to action plan, stakeholders are supposed to take concrete actions towards achieving three critical goals by 2030.
1.     Ensuring universal access to modern energy services.
2.      Doubling the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency.
3.     Doubling the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix.
Energy access is increasingly seen as a vital catalyst to wider social and economic development, enabling education, health, and sustainable agriculture and creating jobs. Productive uses of energy are particularly important to enable local business innovations and create a more vibrant economy for societies and countries. 
According to IEA (international energy agency) universal energy access could be achieve with an increase of just 3 percent of global investment in energy infrastructure by 2030. This amounts to an annual investment of $48 billion.
Energy efficiency objective will increase global resource productivity. It will create new economic growth areas with local job creation and increase the quality of life of all citizens. Energy efficiency means reducing the losses and getting more done with the same amount of energy. IEA’s World Outlook 2006 estimated that each additional $1 spent on energy efficiency in electrical equipment, appliances, and buildings avoids more than $2, on average, energy supply investments.
Investing in renewable energy also creates local jobs and growth and improves security for countries that lack domestic fossil resources. Increasing the share of energy from renewable sources can reduce greenhouse gas emissions and local pollutions, insulate countries from fuel price volatility, and improve their balance of payments.
            UN desires that all stakeholders converge to act upon to achieve its mission.  It proposes that business, governments,  CSO  work together on specific and concrete steps to bring greater investment and deployment of energy systems.
 Direct UNIDO points out that charity  is no more an option.  The key is investment in renewable energy alternatives.  So that it yields returns not just for the recipients but for the investor too. This doesn’t mean that all subsidies can be done away with. These are necessary for helping the poorest of the poor. 
We need to work on achieving  a balance subsidy approach that can create a level playing field so that the rich are no longer enjoying subsidies meant for the poor.  Therefore rather than work for a blanket solution, we need to tailor strategy to suit local imperatives and conditions 

Heera Lal
(Writer is Secretary UPNEDA but views are personal)